A language of China
ISO 639-3: uig
China (1990 census). Most are monolingual. Population
includes 4,700,000 Central Uyghur, 1,150,000 Hotan,
25,000 Lop. Population total all countries: 7,601,431.
the Xinjiang Autonomous Region. Also spoken in
Afghanistan, Australia, Germany, India, Indonesia,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia,
Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkey (Asia), USA, Uzbekistan.
Uigur, Uighuir, Uiguir, Weiwuer, Wiga
Uyghur, Hotan (Hetian), Lop (Luobu). The Akto Türkmen
speak a dialect of Uyghur with 500 different seldom-used
words. There are 2,000 in two villages, Kösarap and
Oytak in Akto County, south of Kashgar, Xinjiang. Dolan
is a dialect spoken around the fringes of the Taklimakan
Desert in Xinjiang. Chinese linguists recognize 3
dialects. Others have used the following dialect names:
Kashgar-Yarkand (Kashi-Shac he), Yengi Hissar (Yengisar),
Khotan-Kerya (Hotan-Yutian), Charchan (Qarqan, Qiemo),
Aksu (Aqsu), Qarashahr (Karaxahar), Kucha (Kuqa), Turfan
(Turpan), Kumul (Hami), Ili (Kulja, Yining, Taranchi),
Urumqi (Urumchi), Lopnor (Lopnur), Dolan, Akto Türkmen.
There are significant dialect differences between China,
Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Uzbekistan.
regional language. Widely used in print media in Kashgar.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language
attitude. Young people and intellectuals can also speak
Chinese, a few can also speak English, Japanese, or
in second language: 56%. Literacy based on Central
Uyghur as spoken in the area between Yili (Ili) and
Urumqi. Roman, Arabic, and Cyrillic scripts; Cyrillic
script in Kazakhstan; Roman script in Turkey; Arabic
script in Afghanistan. Newspapers. Radio programs. TV.
Grammar. Bible: 1950.
Part of the
Uyghur nationality. One of the five main official
nationalities in China. Those in the north are more
influenced by modern Chinese culture. SOV; postpositions;
genitives, adjectives, numerals, relatives before noun
heads; question words initial; a few prefixes; 3
suffixes on nouns; 6 suffixes on verbs; word order
distinguishes subjects and indirect objects, topic and
comment; eight noun cases shown by suffixes; verb
suffixes mark subject person, number, 2nd person marks
plural and 3 levels of respect; passive, reflexive,
reciprocal and causative; comparatives; CV, CVC, CVCC
syllables; nontonal. Valleys, mountain slope. Desert,
oases. Agriculturalists: grain, fruit, grapes,
vegetables, cotton; traders; craftsmen; animal husbandry.