A language of Russia (Asia)

ISO 639-3: tyv

Population 180,000 in Russia (2001). Population total all countries: 209,400.
Region Tuvin Ao. Capital is Kyzl. Also spoken in China, Mongolia.
Alternate names   Tuva, Tuvan, Tuvia, Tyva, Tofa, Tokha, Soyot, Soyon, Soyod, Tannu-Tuva, Tuba, Tuvinian, Uriankhai, Uriankhai-Monchak, Uryankhai, Diba, Kök Mungak
Dialects Central Tuvin, Western Tuvin, Northeastern Tuvin (Todzhin), Southeastern Tuvin, Tuba-Kizhi. Sharp dialect differences.
Classification Altaic, Turkic, Northern
Language use Speakers use Russian as second language, and Mongolian near the border.
Language development Cyrillic script. NT: 2002.
Comments Until 1944 Tuva was a formally independent state. Hunters; animal husbandry: cattle, horses, sheep, goats, camels, reindeer. Buddhist (Lamaist).

Also spoken in China
Language name   Tuvin
Population 2,400 in China (1999 Wu Hongwei). No monolinguals.
Region Burjin, Habahe, Fuyun, and Altay counties of Altay Prefecture, Yinjiang Autonomous Region.
Alternate names   Diba, Kök, Mungak, Tuwa
Language use Vigorous. Used in religious services. All ages. Younger ones use it less. Positive language attitude. Chahar Mongolian used in education. More than 90% also use Kazakh, 30% also know Kalmyk-Oirat. Some speak Chinese.
Comments Part of the Mongolian nationality. Mountain slope. Animal husbandry; agriculturalists; hunters. Buddhist (Lamaist), syncretism with shamanism.


Language name   Tuvin
Population 27,000 in Mongolia (1993 Johnstone).
Region Hövsgöl and Hovd Aimags, north and west Mongolia.
Alternate names   Uriankhai, Uryankhai-Monchak, Tuvinian, Tuva, Tuba, Tannu-Tuva, Soyon, Soyod, Soyot, Tuvan, Tuvia, Diba, Kök, Mungak, Tuva-Uriankhai, Tuwa-Uriankhai
Dialects Kokchulutan, Khöwsögöl Uigur.
Language use Speakers also use Halh Mongolian.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: In Halh Mongolian.

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