Tujia, Southern

A language of China

ISO 639-3: tjs

Population 1,500 (2002 Brassett). Monolingual speakers are mainly women, children, and older adults. Ethnic population: 7,353,300.
Region Northwest Hunan Province, Luxi county, 3 villages.
Alternate names   Tuchia
Dialects There are phonological and grammatical differences with Northern Tujia. Lexical similarity 40% with Northern Tujia.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Tujia
Language use Used in the home and village. Positive language attitude. Spoken and written Chinese are in use. Chinese is used in schools.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: Probably 50%, basic literacy approaching 100% in children.


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Part of the Tujia nationality. SOV; voiced stops and affricates; tonal, 5 tones. Limestone mountain slope, valleys. Agriculturalists. Traditional religion, Buddhist.