Tujia, Northern

A language of China

ISO 639-3: tji
 

Population 70,000 (2002 Brassett). 100 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 7,353,300.
Region Northwest Hunan, Hubei, Guizhou in Yingjiang and Yanhe counties, Wuling Mt. range.
Alternate names   Tuchia, Tudja
Dialects Longshan, Baojing. There are also phonological and grammatical differences with Southern Tujia. Not intelligible to each other's speakers. Lexical similarity 40% with Southern Tujia.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Tujia
Language use Regularly used but increasingly younger speakers prefer Chinese and are encouraged to do so by their parents. In most areas children acquire a passive knowledge only. All domains. 60% of speakers older than 50 years, 30% between 20 and 50, 10% under 25. Positive language attitude. Speakers also use Chinese or Hmong. Written Chinese is in use. Chinese is used in schools.
Language development Grammar.
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An official nationality. SOV; no voiced stops or affricates; tonal, 4 tones. Limestone mountain slope, valleys. Agriculturalists; light industry. Traditional religion, Buddhist.