Tibetan, Khams

A language of China

ISO 639-3: khg

Population 1,487,000 (1994). Population includes 996,000 Eastern, 135,000 Southern, 158,000 Western, 91,000 Northern, 77,000 Jone, 30,000 Hbrugchu.
Region Northeastern Tibet, Changdu (Qamdo) and Naqu (Nagqu) districts; Ganzi (Garz) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in western Sichuan; Diqing (Dqn) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in northwestern Yunnan Province; and Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in southwestern Qinghai Province.
Alternate names   Khams, Khams-Yal, Khams Bhotia, Kam, Khamba, Khampa, Kang
Dialects Eastern Khams, Southern Khams, Western Khams, Northern Khams, Hbrugchu, Jone. Dialects listed may be separate languages; differences are reported to be large. Lexical similarity 80% with Dbusgtsang (Central Tibetan).
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Himalayish, Tibeto-Kanauri, Tibetic, Tibetan, Northern


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Part of the Tibetan nationality. Different from Western Parbate, Eastern Parbate, Sheshi, Maikoti, and Gamale Kham of Nepal. SOV; tonal, 4 tones. Pastoralists; agriculturalists. Traditional religion.