A language of Russia (Europe)

ISO 639-3: tat

Population 464,669 in Russia (2000). Population total all countries: 1,610,032. Ethnic population: 6,645,588 in the former USSR (1989 census).
Region Tatarstan, from Moscow to eastern Siberia. Capital is Kazan (Kasan), on the Volga River. Also spoken in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Belarus, China, Estonia, Finland, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkey (Europe), Turkmenistan, Ukraine, USA, Uzbekistan.
Alternate names   Tartar
Dialects Middle Tatar (Kazan), Western Tatar (Misher), Eastern Tatar (Siberian Tatar). Eastern Tatar is divided into 3: Tobol-Irtysh, Baraba, and Tom. Tobol-Irtysh is divided into 5: Tyumen, Tobol, Zabolotny, Tevriz, and Tara (Tumasheva). Mixed dialects are: Astrakhan, Kasimov, Tepter, and Ural (Poppe). 43,000 Astrakhan have assimilated to the Middle dialect. Kasim (5,000) is between Middle and Western Tatar. Tepter (300,000) is reported to be between the Tatar and Bashkir languages. Uralic Tatar (110,000) is spoken by the Kerashen Tatar.
Classification Altaic, Turkic, Western, Uralian
Language use The Karatai are ethnically Erzya, who speak Tatar.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: High. Roman script. Grammar. Bible portions: 18642000.
Comments Different from Crimean Tatar (Crimean Turkish). SOV. Agriculturalists; oil workers; coal miners. Muslim (Sunni), Christian.

Also spoken in:
Language name   Tatar
Population 800 in China (1999 Chen Zongzhen). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 4,873 in the official nationality in China (1990 census).
Region North Xinjiang, mainly in Yining (Ghulja, Kulja), Qvqek, and mqi.
Alternate names   Tartar, Tata'er
Language use Used for oral tradition, songs. Speakers are older adults. Written Uyghur and Kazakh are used as literary languages; nearly all use them.
Comments An official nationality. They moved into China only 200 years ago. Some members of the nationality speak only Kazakh. Speech in different areas is influenced by Uyghur and Kazakh. Traders; craftsmen; agriculturalists. Muslim (Sunni).

Turkey (Europe)
Language name   Tatar
Region Istanbul and perhaps other places.

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