Nusu

A language of China

ISO 639-3: nuf
 

Population 7,500 (1999 Sun Hongkai). 1,000 monolinguals (mainly older adults). Population includes 2,000 in Northern Nusu, 3,000 in Southern Nusu, and 4,000 in Central Nusu.
Region Lushui and Fugong counties in Nujiang Lusu Autonomous Prefecture of northwestern Yunnan.
Dialects Northern Nusu (Wawa-Kongtong), Southern Nusu (Guoke-Puluo), Central Nusu (Zhizhiluo-Laomudeng). May be Nungish or a variety of Yi (Matisoff et al. 1996:74). The 3 'dialects' listed above are not inherently intelligible to one another's speakers.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Unclassified
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Intellectuals want to preserve it. About 7,000 use Lisu or Chinese as second languages, mainly Lisu.
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Part of the Nu nationality. A separate language officially under the Nu nationality with Ayi, Zauzou (1,500), and 5,500 speakers of Drung. SOV; grammatical relations indicated mainly by word order and particles; tonal, 4 tones with relatively complex sandhi; loans from Lisu, Chinese, and a few from Burmese. Mountain slope, riverine. Agriculturalists; animal husbandry: poultry, pigs, sheep, cattle; beekeepers. Traditional religion.