A language of China

ISO 639-3: nmy

Population 4,000 (2000 Sun Hongkai). 200 monolingual speakers, mainly older adults.
Region Mianning, Muli, Xichang, and Yanyuan counties of the Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture, and Jiulong (Gyaisi) County in the Ganzi (GarzÍ) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of southwestern Sichuan.
Alternate names   Namuzi
Dialects Eastern Namuyi, Western Namuyi. Some intelligibility between the dialects, with lexical and phonological differences. Their speakers use Chinese when communicating with speakers of the other dialect.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Tangut-Qiang, Qiangic
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language attitude. About 2,000 can also speak Chinese, 500 Yi, 500 Pumi, a few Tibetan or Ersu.
Language development Speakers are generally better educated than the Yi or Tibetan peoples. Dictionary. Grammar.




Back to Index

Part of the Tibetan nationality. They call themselves 'Namuzi'. SOV; adjectives and number-classifier constructions follow noun heads; compounding; affixation; consonant cluster onsets but no consonantal codas; tense-lax vowel distinction; nasalized and retroflexed vowels; tonal, 4 tones. Mountain slope, riverine. Not many trees. Agriculturalists; animal husbandry: poultry, pigs, cattle; beekeepers. Traditional religion, Daoist, Buddhist, syncretism.