Maonan

A language of China

ISO 639-3: mmd
 

Population 20,000 (2000 Liang Min). A few thousand women and children are monolingual. Ethnic population: 71,968 (1990 census).
Region Xianan area of Huanjiang Maonan Autonomous County in north central Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. A few in nearby Hechi, Yishan, Nandan, and Du'an counties.
Alternate names   Ai Nan
Classification Tai-Kadai, Kam-Tai, Kam-Sui
Language use Vigorous. Speakers of other languages living in the area can speak Maonan. All domains. All ages. Used less by young people and children. Positive language attitude. About 10,000 also use Chinese or Zhuang. Written Chinese in use.
Language development Taught in primary schools. Chinese script. Radio programs. Grammar.
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Part of the Maonan nationality. SVO; numbers and adjectives follow nouns; reduplication; glottalized prenasalized, palatalized, and labialized onsets; nasal and stop finals; many Chinese loans; tonal, 6 tone categories in unchecked syllables, 2 in checked (split into 4 according to vowel length). Mountain slope. Agriculturalists: rice, maize, sweet potatoes; animal husbandry: pigs, cattle. Daoist, Christian.