A language of India

ISO 639-3: clk

Population 11,041 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 11,121.
Region Arunachal Pradesh, Dibang Valley District; Assam; West Bengal. Also spoken in China.
Alternate names   "Chulikata", "Chulikotta", Ida, Idu, Midhi, Midu, Yidu Luoba
Dialects Closest to Digaro-Mishmi. A different language from Boga'er Lhoba. May be a dialect of Miri. Lexical similarity 7% with Miju-Mishmi, 25% with Digaro-Mishmi (IICCC).
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, North Assam, Tani
Language use Few domains, home, family, friends. All ages. Positive language attitude. Everyone speaks Assamese, Hindi or Nepali which are used in the market. Only the educated speak English.
Language development Literacy rate in first language: below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: 3.63%, 6.4% male, 0.4% female (Muanthanga 1997). Tibetan script in China. Radio programs. Grammar.
Comments Mishmi Idu is a Scheduled Tribe in India. "Chulikota" is derogatory, therefore Idu is preferred. May not be in the Tani group, but is related to the Tani group. SOV; postpositions; genitives, adjective, relatives before noun heads; numerals after noun heads; affixes indicate case of noun phrase; comparatives; open syllables; tonal. Mountain slope. 1500 meters. Hunter-gatherers; swidden agriculturalists: millet, maize, rice, wheat, sweet potatoes; fishermen; animal husbandry: pigs, chicken, goats, mithun (high altitude cattle); weavers. Traditional religion, Buddhist, Hindu, Christian.

Also spoken in: China
Language name   Luoba, Yidu
Population 80 in China (1999 Sun Hongkai). 50 are monolingual.
Region Townships of Xia Chayu (Zayu) and Ba'antong of the Xia Chayu (Zayu) Zone, Chayu County of Nyingchi Prefecture, in southeast Tibet, in the Danba River valley and adjoining mountain slopes, near the Bhutan border.
Alternate names   Lhoba, Lho-Pa, Yidu, Idu Mishmi, Idu Lhoba, Chulikata
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Indifferent language attitude. 25 can also speak Chinese or Tibetan.
Language development 27% attended primary school, 31% have some degree of literacy, 0.8% have a university degree.



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Part of the Lhoba nationality. Different from Lowa (Loba) in Nepal. Not a written language. Mountain valley, mountain slope. Evergreen and bamboo (subtropical) forest. Swidden agriculturalists: rice, maize, barley, cotton; forestry; animal husbandry; hunters; fishermen. Traditional religion, Buddhist (Lamaist).