Khmu

A language of Laos

ISO 639-3: kjg
 

Population 389,694 in Laos (1985 F. Proschan). Population total all countries: 479,739.
Region Scattered through northern Laos. Also spoken in China, France, Myanmar, Thailand, USA, Viet Nam.
Alternate names   Kmhmu, Khmu', Khamu, Kamu, Kammu, Khamuk, Kamhmu, Khomu, Mou, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Tenh, Theng, Lao Terng
Dialects Yuan, Khroong (Krong), Luang Prabang, Sayabury, Lyy, Rok, U, Hat.
Classification Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Khmuic, Mal-Khmu', Khmu'
Language development Duota script in China. Bible portions: 1918.
Comments SVO. Traditional religion.


Also spoken in: China

Language name   Khmu
Population 1,600 in China (1990).
Region Mengla and Jinghong counties of Xishuangbanna Prefecture, southwestern Yunnan.
Alternate names   Kammu, Khamu, Khmu', Khamuk, Kamhmu, Kamu, Kemu, Khomu, Mou, Lao Terng, Pouteng, Theng
Comments Khmu was counted separately in the 1982 census and combined into a group of 'Undetermined Minorities'. It may soon be recognized as an official nationality. Phsing (Bit) is regarded as Khmu in China, but is in the Palaungic branch (Svantesson 1990).

Myanmar
 
Language name   Khmu
Alternate names   Kmhmu, Khmu', Kamu, Kammu, Khamuk, Kamhmu, Khomu, Mou, Pouteng, Pu Thenh, Tenh, Theng, Lao Terng


Thailand

Language name   Khmu
Population 31,403 in Thailand (2000 WCD).
Region Scattered through Thailand, Chiangrai, Nan, Phayao.
Alternate names   Kmhmu, Khamu, Khmu', Khamuk, Kamhmu, Kamu, Kha Khmu, Kammu, Tmooy, Mou, Luu, Pouteng
Comments Traditional religion, Christian.


Viet Nam

Language name   Khmu
Population 56,542 in Viet Nam (1999 census).
Region Son La, Lai Chau, Nghe An, and Yen Bai provinces.
Alternate names   Kmhmu, Khomu, Khamu, Mun Xen, Xa Cau, Kha Cau, Cam Mu
Comments

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Traditional religion, Christian.