Jinuo, Youle

A language of China

ISO 639-3: jiu

Population 13,000 (2000). Most speakers are monolingual.
Region South Yunnan, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, near Laos and Myanmar borders, 53 kilometers east of Jinghong. Youle Mountains. 40 villages. Over 3,000 square kilometers.
Alternate names   Jino, Youle
Dialects The two 'dialects' (Youle and Buyuan) are not inherently intelligible with each other. Their speakers use Chinese to communicate with each other.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language attitude. Some speakers also use Dai or Chinese. Chinese is used in education.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: 49%. Roman script. Films.


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Part of the Jino nationality. SOV; initial consonant clusters (stop or nasal plus 'r'); no syllable-final consonants; mostly monosyllabic words; tonal, 6 tones. Mountain slope. Forests. Agriculturalists: rice; hunter-gatherers traditionally. Worship of Kong Ming (a Chinese hero).