Jinuo, Buyuan

A language of China

ISO 639-3: jiy
 

Population 1,000 (1994). Most are monolingual. Ethnic population: 18,021 (1990 census).
Region South Yunnan, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, near Laos and Myanmar borders, 53 kilometers east of Jinghong. Youle Mountains. 40 villages. Over 3,000 square kilometers.
Alternate names   Jino, Buyuan
Dialects The two 'dialects' (Buyuan and Youle) are not inherently intelligible with each other. Their speakers use Chinese for communication.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Lolo-Burmese, Loloish, Southern
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Some speakers also use Dai or Chinese.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: 49%. Roman script.
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Part of the Jino nationality. SOV; 6 tones; initial consonant clusters (stop or nasal plus 'r'); no syllable-final consonants; mostly monosyllabic words. Mountain slope. Forests. Agriculturalists: rice; hunter-gatherers traditionally. Worship of Kong Ming (a Chinese hero).