Jiarong

A language of China

ISO 639-3: jya
 

Population 83,000 (1999 Sun Hongkai). 25,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 151,197 including 139,000 in Situ Jiarong, 12,197 in Chabao and Sidaba (1993 Lin).
Region North central Sichuan. Situ is in the traditional territory of four chieftaincies: Zhuokeji, Suomo, Songgang, Dangba. Chabao is in the northeastern corner of Maerkang county, at Longerjia, Dazang, and Shaerzong townships in Chabao District. Sidaba is in Caodeng, Kangshan, and Ribu townships in Sidaba District of Maerkang County. Some outlying Sidaba communities are to the north in certain villages of Kehe and Rongan townships, at the southwesten corner of the Aba County, and to the west along the middle Duke River between Wuyi and Shili townships in Rangtang County, spilling over to a small area near the confluence of the Seda and Duke rivers in Seda County.
Alternate names   Jyarung, Gyarong, Gyarung, Rgyarong, Chiarong, Jarong
Dialects Chabao (Dazang, Northeastern Jiarong), Sidaba (Caodeng, Northwestern Jiarong), Situ (Eastern Jiarong). Subdialects of Situ are: Maerkang, Lixian, Jinchuan, Xiaojin; of Sidaba Caodeng and Ribu. Phonologically Western and Northern are fairly similar and differ greatly from Eastern. Lexical similarity 75% between Eastern and Northern Jiarong, 60% between Western and Northern 60%, 13% between Situ and Horpa.
Classification Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Tangut-Qiang, rGyarong
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language attitude, but intellectuals are worried about diminishing use of the language. 56,000 use Chinese, 950 Tibetan, 50 Qiang as second language.
Language development Radio programs. Dictionary.
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Part of the Tibetan nationality. SOV; phonologically and lexically similar to Tibetan, grammatically more similar to Pumi and Qiang; complex consonant clusters; limited pitch contrast. Mountain slope, plains, riverine. Agriculturalists: apples, pears; lumbermen. Traditional religion, Buddhist (Lamaist).