Ili Turki

A language of China

ISO 639-3: ili
 

Population 120 in China (1980 R. F. Hahn).
Region Ili Valley near Kuldja, Xinjiang. Probably some in Kazakhstan. Also spoken in Kazakhstan.
Alternate names   T'urk, Tuerke
Classification Altaic, Turkic, Eastern
Language use Speakers are older adults. Younger people are intermarrying with neighboring groups. Speakers also use Kazakh or Uyghur.
Comments Ethnically and linguistically distinct, discovered in 1956. Their oral history says they came from the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) about 200 years ago. SOV; vowel harmony; influenced greatly by Kazakh and Uyghur; has Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Russian loans. Mulsim (Sunni).

Also spoken in: Kazakhstan
 
Language name   Ili Turki
Region Ili Valley near Kuldja, Xinjiang, China. There may be none in Kazakhstan.
Alternate names   T'urk, Tuerke
Language use

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Speakers are older adults. Younger people understand Ili Turki, but are adopting Kazakh or Uyghur and intermarrying with neighboring groups.