Daur

A language of China

ISO 639-3: dta
 

Population 96,085 in China (1999 Dong Ying). About 24,270 are monolingual. Ethnic population: 121,357 (1990 census).
Region Inner Mongolia, Hailar Prefecture, and border of Heilongjiang Province, Qiqihar Prefecture, and northwest Xinjiang, Tacheng Prefecture. Also spoken in Mongolia.
Alternate names   Dagur, Daguor, Dawar, Dawo'er, Tahur, Tahuerh
Dialects Buteha (Bataxan), Haila'er (Hailar), Qiqiha'er (Qiqihar, Tsitsikhar). Definitely distinct from other Mongolian languages (Voegelin and Voegelin 1977). Some sources list Tacheng (spoken in Xinjiang) as a dialect. Some list Haila'er as a dialect of Evenki.
Classification Altaic, Mongolian, Eastern, Dagur
Language use Official regional language. All domains. It has moderately vigorous use among adults, but decreasing use among young people and children. Speakers seem indifferent toward preservation of Daur. Speakers also use Chinese or Mongolian. A few also speak Ewenki, Kazakh, Oroqen, or Manchu. Speakers are reported to have high and widespread levels of bilingualism in Chinese. Chinese is the language of schools.
Language development Literacy rate in second language: 81%. Some literacy in Mongolian among those 30 to 50 years of age in Hala'er. Radio programs. Films. Dictionary. Grammar.
Comments An official nationality. A Daur script was used during the Qing dynasty, then experimental Cyrillic script in 1957, then Latin based on Chinese orthography, but scholars are experimenting with a Latin orthography based on Pinyin. Written Manchu once used, now written Chinese used. SOV; grammatical funcion marked mainly by suffixes; vowel harmony but not very strict; many consonant clusters; palatalized and labialized consonants; rich vocabulary related to hunting, fishing, animal husbandry; loans from Chinese, Manchu, Evenki. Plain. Agriculturalists; pastoralists; hunters. Shamanist, Buddhist (Lamaist), Christian.

Also spoken in: 
Mongolia
 
Language name   Daur
Alternate names   Dagur, Daguor, Dawar, Dawo'er, Tahur, Tahuerh
Dialects

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Buteha (Bataxan), Haila'er (Hailar), Qiqiha'er (Qiqihar, Tsitsikhar).