A language of China

ISO 639-3: cuq

Population 80,000 (1999 Ouyang Jueya). 59% are monolingual, mainly children, elders, and some women.
Region South bank of Changhua River in north Dongfang county and north bank in Changjiang county, Hainan Island.
Alternate names   Ngao Fon, Cunhua, Cun-Hua
Dialects Lexical similarity 40% with Hlai. Many loanwords from Chinese.
Classification Tai-Kadai, Kadai, Yang-Biao
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language attitude. 41% can use Chinese as second language. Very few can also speak Hlai.
Language development Grammar.


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Part of the Han nationality. SVO; tonal, 10 tones (5 in checked syllables and 5 in unchecked syllables). Coastal, mountain slope. Agriculturalists; fishermen; fish breeding. Traditional religion.