A language of China

ISO 639-3: blr

Population 24,000 in China (1990 J-O Svantesson). Population total all countries: 37,200.
Region Southwestern Yunnan Province, Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture, and the Simao and Lincang regions. Most live in Menghai and Shuangjiang counties. Some are scattered, living among Va (Wa). May also be in Laos. Also spoken in Myanmar, Thailand.
Alternate names   Bulang, Pulang, Pula, Plang, Kawa, K'ala, Kontoi
Dialects Phang, Kem Degne. Dialects listed may be separate languages. Chinese sources list two dialects: Bulang (Blang Proper), and Awa (A'erwa). It is not known how these relate to the dialects listed above. Close to Wa. In Thailand, the group from Mae Sai came from Sipsongpanna, Yunnan, China, stayed in Myanmar for a while, and have been in Thailand since 1974. There are 6 to 10 dialects represented in one refugee village in Thailand. Samtao of Myanmar and China is not intelligible with Blang, but is closely related to Blang and Wa.
Classification Austro-Asiatic, Mon-Khmer, Northern Mon-Khmer, Palaungic, Western Palaungic, Waic, Bulang
Language use Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive language attitude. Dai, Wa, and Chinese are in common use.
Language development 2 alphabetic scripts used: 'Totham' in the Xishuangbanna area and 'Tolek' from Dehong to Lincang. Grammar.
Comments Part of the Bulang nationality. The nationality includes Blang, Lawa, and Angkuic languages, Puman, U, and 3 to 7 others. SVO; modifiers follow noun heads; voiceless nasal initials; singular-dual-plural pronoun distinction; rich in morphophonemic processes; tonal, 4 tones. Mountain slope, foothills, valleys. 1,500 meters and over. Agriculturalists. Buddhist (Hinayana), Christian.

Also spoken in:
Language name   Blang
Population 12,000 in Myanmar (1994).
Region Eastern Shan State, Mong Yang area, and Kengtung.
Alternate names   Bulang, Pulang, Pula, Kawa, K'ala, Plang, Kontoi
Comments Some are becoming urbanized in Myanmar, Thailand, and China. An official nationality in China. Agriculturalists. Buddhist (Hinayana), Christian.


Language name   Blang
Population 1,200 in Thailand (1998 SIL).
Region Chiangrai; 1,000 live outside Mae Sai near the northern border, a village of 200 to 300 is near Mae Chan. About 200 live west of Bangkok and work in gardens.
Alternate names   Sen Chun, Hkawa, Kawa, K'wa, K'ala, Bulang, Pulang, Pula, Plang, Wa, Khon Doi, Kontoi
Language development Literacy rate in first language: below 1%. Literacy rate in second language: below 10%.

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Horticulturalists. Buddhist (Hinayana), Christian.